What are Wheat Berries?

May 22, 2010 in Featured, Wheat Berries by Webmaster

A wheat berry is the common name of a single kernel of wheat. Wheat is a general name for various annual cereal grasses; these edible grains are widely cultivated around the world. Wheat has been cultivated for over 5000 years. Actually, wheat is the most widely grown food crop in the world. One-third of the world’s population depends on wheat as its main food staple; wheat is second only to rice as a staple.

Common Types of Wheat Berries

The most common varieties of wheat in the U.S are classified according to the color (white, red or brown), hardness and use. Whole wheat is an important protein source, especially for those who consume limited animal protein; the hard wheats are 11 to 14% protein and the soft wheats are 6 to 10% protein.

  • Hard red spring; primarily for bread, rolls and quick breads
  • Hard red winter; primarily for bread
  • Soft red winter; cakes, biscuits and pastries
  • Durum; pasta/macaroni products
  • White; bread, breakfast foods, and pastries